Middle Ages–Castles

Intended Learning Outcomes

(Knowledge, Understanding, Skills, Attitudes)



The pupils will be able to differentiate between the two types of Castles.


The pupils will understand why the stone castle replaced the motte and bailey.


The pupils will be able to describe the defensive features of the castles.


The pupils will realise the importance of the defensive features in a castle.


Assessment of Learning Outcomes.

(ie. What assessment will you use to show you that learning has taken place?)


By describing in their own words about the defensive features of the castle they are demonstrating their knowledge on Medieval castles.


Throughout the lesson they will answer higher and lower order question which they will display their knowledge on the Medieval castles.


Lucey, the Past today
Delap & McCormack, Uncovering History
Class Handout
Display and Electronic media 



Teaching Strategy:


Interpretation of Data



Phase  1

Brief Outline



I will quickly revise on what we covered in the last lesson and how it will link up with today’s class.


I will tell the pupils what we will be covering in today’s lesson and what I expect the pupils to know after the lesson.


I will introduce the pupils to Norman castle which will be the topic for today’s lesson.


Phase 2

Brief Outline


Interpretation of Data

We will look at the first of the two types of castles-the motte and bailey.


We will examine the structure of the motte and bailey and the function of each part of the castle.


We will also study the defensive features of the castle and the advantages and disadvantages of each.


In conclusion we will look at why the motte and bailey was replaced by the more modern stone castle.

Phase 3

Brief Outline

Interpretation of Data

We will now examine in detail the second of the medieval castles which was the stone castles.


We will look in detail at the different features of the castle and the purpose of each feature in the castle.


In addition we will study the defensive features of the stone castle and the advantages it held over the motte and bailey castles.


In conclusion to this phase we will observe how castles were attacked during the middle ages and the most successful method of attacking castles.

Phase 4

Brief Outline

Engaging with Narrative

Furthermore will observe where most castles were built and the reasons why they were built in this location.


We will look at the advantages behind the location of where the majority of classes were built.

Phase 5

Brief Outline


We will briefly recap on what was covered in the lesson and to reinforce the material for the pupils I will ask higher and lower order questions on Medieval classes.


To conclude my lesson I will give the pupils an opportunity to ask questions on any difficulties that they came across during the lesson.



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